Cashew Nuts – Profile

October 13, 2020

 Product Name:      Cashew nuts

 Species:                Anacardium Occidentale

 HS Code:              080131 (in Shell, Fresh or Dried)


Brief Product Description:

The cashew tree is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew nut and the cashew apple. It can grow as high as 14 metres (46 ft), with the exception of  the dwarf cashew, which can  grow up to 6 metres (20 ft). Its English name derives from the Portuguese for the fruit of the cashew tree caju  literally meaning “nut that produces itself” while the name Anacardium, originally from the Greek, actually refers to the nut, core or heart of the fruit, which is outwardly located (ana means “upwards” and -cardium means “heart”).


Major Producing Areas:

  • Oyo
  • Kogi
  • Ogun
  • Ebonyi
  • Enugu
  • Imo
  • Benue
  • Edo


Estimated Production Figure:



Out-turn/Yield (KOR): 43 to 48 lbs per 80kg (good)

48 to 55 lbs per 80kg (excellent)

Nut count (number or raw cashew nuts per kg):

170                       –         Excellent
180-190                –         Very Good
190-200                –         Good
200-210                –         Middle

Moisture:               –          8% max

Foreign matter:      –          2% max

Defective:              –          5% max



The cashew nuts are packaged in jute bags or polypropylene sacks while the processed kernel are packed using  vacuum packaging system with low density polyethylene film and corrugated fibre boards materials.



  • The nut is processed to snacks, used in recipe
  • The shell is used in lubricants, paints, etc.


Importing Countries:

Major Importing countries are Vietnam and India. Other countries include:

  • Tanzania
  •  Malaysia
  •  Russia


Export potential of Cashew Nuts

The markets with greatest potential for Nigeria’s exports of  Cashew nuts, in shell are “Viet Nam”, “India” and “Brazil”. Nigeria has closest export links with Bahrain. Viet Nam is the market with the highest demand potential for 080131 Cashew nuts, in shell.

Find out all details in the one-page report and our video below. These are created making use of the Export Potential Map (ITC).